The Strange World of Anders Behring Breivik, “Justiciar Knight”
The 1500 page “manifesto” by the Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivik is being circulated all over the internet. You can download the 1omb pdf here, or read the lowlights here or here.
Needless to say, it’s really fucked up. He is racist, misogynist, homophobic, etc. etc. But it is interesting reading because of the way he synthesizes some very common right wing literature, such as Robert Spencer’s work on Islam and the Eurabian theory popularized by Bat Ya’or, as well as theories of a Marxist-Islamist conspiracy to destroy western civilization, popularized by Professor Glenn Beck.
His main target is Islam. He believes in a top-level EU conspiracy to incorporate Arab states into an expanded Mediterranean-based super-state. As such, he denounces politicians and political parties he sees as involved in this conspiracy, as well as anyone committed to multiculturalism, internationalism or the EU as a “traitor-whore”; which explains his targeting of the Labor Party youth camp.
The document also details his actions leading up to the attacks and his formation of a modern army of knights – the Justiciar Knights” – at one point he claims there are 15-80 active “knights” in Europe, but its not clear if this actually exists or if it’s just a make believe army. He’s planned it all down to their shoulder patches, rank insignia and what color velvet an officers uniform shall be.
One interesting point is on religion because he was claimed to be a Christian fundamentalist on some news sites. This doesn’t seem to be the case, though. On page 1373 he outlines his religious views:
Religion: Christian, Protestant but I support a reformation of Protestantism leading to it being absorbed by Catholisism. The typical “Protestant Labour Church” has to be deconstructed as its creation was an attempt to abolish the Church.
Religious: I went from moderately to agnostic to moderately religious.
From pages 1301-1310 he claim religious justifications for his actions; citing Biblical legitimations of violence in self-defense and Papal support (and indulgences) for earlier Crusdaes. But it strikes me as an afterthought; the piece is all about defending Nordic ethnic culture from what he sees as invasion from the Middle East. It’s essentially a secular policy document where religion comes in its done with no particular care or expertise; it’s a grab-bag of texts, with a Protestant using the existence of Papal indulgences to justify his actions. Crucially, Christianity is only referred to in sections about Christianity; this is a secular rather than fundamentalist approach because fundamentalists don’t compartmentalize. His beef with Islam is that he views it as inherently violent and expansionist, not because it constitutes any religious heresy; in fact, he writes that he’s quite happy for “agnostic” and “atheist” Christians to join his Knights of the Round Table. It seems that for Breivik, Christianity is an affective (emotional) identity, not a question of propositonal beliefs; it’s also interchangeable with ethnic identity. The key point of Christianity is that it’s not-Islam. This is in keeping with the use of religion on the broader far-right; the BNP for example talk about defending Judeo-Christian civilzation, but are not personally devout nor do they ground their politics in religious doctrine.
Anyway, because this is Berlusconi Youth, key portions of the text will be brought to you by Alf:
Update! Uh, apparently this is a song Charles Manson stole from the Beatles, Gert Wilders stole it from the Israeli Secret Service and Breivik stole it from Wilders.